Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Toona sinensis
Food
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
English Common Name
Red Cedar
Indonesian Common Name
Surian, Ingul (sumatra)
Tree Family
Meliaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
10-12cm
Length
×
4cm
Width
Tree Height
Medium (20–35m)
Elevational Range (m)
350–2500m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Regenerates naturally, and seedlings are planted that are collected from cleared places under mature trees (the seed needs a certain amount of light to germinate). Often planted on farm perimeters. Fast growing, and prefers full sun. Harvested from the age of 30 years

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal

Wood used for flooring, construction, walls, and furniture. Leaves eaten as vegetables. Various parts of the plant, especially the bark and roots are used medicinally.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown