Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Toona sureni
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
English Common Name
Red Cedar
Indonesian Common Name
Surian, Surian amba (Sumatra), Suren
Tree Family
Meliaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
10-15cm
Length
×
4-6cm
Width
Tree Height
Large (> 35m)
Elevational Range (m)
1700–2100m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Regenerates naturally, especially in sheltered, well drained areas free from weed competition. Fast growing and grows best in full sun. Common in secondary forest and occasionally primary forest

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal

Wood used for building houses or fences. The bark is used as an astringent and a tonic to treat diarrhea, and leaf extracts are reported to have antibiotic activity and are used as an insect repellent. It has a high market demand and provides a long-term income source. Commonly planted as a border tree in Java and to diversify income.

Farm Services
  • Unknown
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown