Conservation International

Conservation International (CI) works to protect the critical benefits that nature provides to people. Through science, partnerships and fieldwork, Conservation International is driving innovation and investments in nature-based solutions to the climate crisis, supporting protections for critical habitats, and fostering economic development that is grounded in the conservation of nature. Conservation International works in 30 countries around the world, empowering societies at all levels to create a cleaner, healthier and more sustainable planet. Follow Conservation International's work on Conservation News,  Facebook,  Twitter,  Instagram  and  YouTube.

The Sustainable Coffee Challenge

The Sustainable Coffee Challenge is a collaborative effort of companies, governments, NGOs, research institutions and others to transition the coffee sector to be fully sustainable. Challenge partners are urgently working together to increase transparency, align around a common vision for sustainability and collaborate to accelerate progress toward those goals.

Conceived by Conservation International and Starbucks and launched during the 2015 Paris climate meetings with 18 founding partners dedicated to coffee sustainability, the Challenge aims to stimulate greater demand for sustainable coffee. The movement has since grown to more than 160 partners.

Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center

The Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center (SMBC) is a scientific research organization dedicated to understanding, conserving and championing the grand phenomenon of bird migration. SMBC’s pioneering, Bird Friendly® coffee certification is the gold standard in eco-friendly, organic coffee farming, and has supported over 20 years of research linking coffee agroforestry with biodiversity conservation. Bird Friendly certified farms retain significant canopy tree diversity, which protects critical habitat for migratory birds and other native wildlife. Follow the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center’s work and learn more on their website, Facebook, and Twitter.

World Coffee Research

World Coffee Research (WCR) is the only industry-guided organization in the world driving global collaborative agricultural research for coffee. We were formed by the world-wide coffee industry in 2012, with the recognition that innovation in coffee agriculture is necessary to deliver increased quality, reduce supply chain risk, and transform coffee producing into a profitable, sustainable livelihood that can meet rising demand while also safeguarding natural resources.  WCR drives innovation for coffee agriculture in multiple, strategically targeted geographies. We professionalize nurseries and seed systems, conduct variety trials, and accelerate breeding system modernization to improve quality in the cup and to enable farmers to access better varieties for resilience and profitability in the face of threats like climate change. WCR research is executed in partnership with leading institutions in producing countries around the world. Follow WCR on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook and LinkedIn.


A special thanks to The Starbucks Foundation who provided financial support for the development of the Indonesian Shade Catalog and to the Knobloch Family Foundation, Disney Conservation Fund, Smithsonian Working Lands and Seascapes, Nespresso, and the Walmart Foundation for financial support to develop the Peru Catalog. Adi Nugroho from Vocational College, Gadjah Mada University, co-authored the Indonesia catalog and conducted the Indonesian literature review and interviews with Indonesian coffee farmers and industry experts. Benny Celestino Osorio led the development of the Peru catalog with support from Laurita Denis Figueroa, Danitza Marleni Medina Velasquez, and Leydi Julca Alvarez to conducted interviews with 250 coffee farmers in Pasco and Junín, Peru. Adelyn Hanchette and Ruth Bennett of the Smithsonian supported the Indonesian and Peru catalogs with literature reviews.

We wish to thank the following coffee industry and agroforestry experts from Indonesia for their knowledge and perspectives: Surip Mawardi, Starbucks Farmer Support Center; Anto Wagianto, ECOM Agroindustrial Trading; Ucu Sumirat, Indonesia Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute; Paramita Mentari Kesuma, Sustainable Coffee Platform of Indonesia; Endri Martini, World Agroforestry (ICRAF), MS Hidayatullah, Budidaya Agriculture Initiatives & OnCoffee Indonesia; Arif Setyawan, Swaraowa; Isner Imanalu, Conservation International Indonesia and Benedictus, Rainforest Alliance Indonesia.

We wish to thank the following reviewers who improved the quality of the catalog: Endri Martini, World Agroforestry (ICRAF); Deden Girmansyah, Herbarium Bogoriense, Indonesian Institute of Science; Benedictus, Rainforest Alliance; Dila Swestiani, Agroforestry Research Centre, Ministry of Forestry; Isner Manalu, Conservation International; Ridla Arifiana, Singgih Utomo, Gadjah Mada University; Ucu Sumirat, ICCRI; SCOPI (NGO); Surip Mawardi, Starbuck FSC.

We thank the following coffee farmer group members for facilitating farm visits and providing knowledge: Ngatiman, Gunadi, Sriono Edi Subekti, Nopa Suryono, Suhanta, Rumini, Triyono, Isner, Sukar, Buchori, Adam Musi, Sutarjo, Faqih and Dulanser Siburian. In Peru, we thank CAC La Florida, Volcafe Ltd., Nespresso, Finca Santa Rosa, and over 250 coffee farmers in Pasco and Junín for participating in interviews and providing knowledge.

We wish to acknowledge the support provided by Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and its collaborators for enabling the use of images and illustrations of these tree species.