Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Pangium edule
Food
Lumber
Product
Indonesian Common Name
Keluwak , Kepayang, Picung (Sundanese), Pucung (Javanese)
Tree Family
Achariaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
35cm
Length
×
24cm
Width
Tree Height
Large (> 35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–300m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia, Oceania
SE Asia
Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Unknown
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Propagated by seed with scarification then immersion in water for 24 hours prior to sowing. A seed bed consisting of sand facilitates transplanting. Germination takes about 1 month with seedlings transplanted in individual pots when 2-3 leaves have developed. Pot with equal amounts of compost and sand. Transplant seedlings at 4 months.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Lumber
  • Product

Fruits are consumed, fresh leaves can be used to preserve meat or game for several days, the oil extracted from fresh or cooked kernels is used for cooking, as a preservative used in traditional weaving, and for illumination or soap making (but in general the oil is considered of poor quality for these applications). Fresh leaves, leaf sap, pounded leaves, or ground fresh seeds are externally applied as an antiseptic and disinfectant to cleanse ulcerations, infested wounds, to treat scurf, and can be used as an insecticide against head lice and ticks, and as an insect repellent in general. The sapwood and heartwood is yellow, hard but not very durable, and is used occasionally for local construction and suitable for making match sticks.

Farm Services
  • Unknown

Maintains water regulation and quantity.

Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown