Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Pandanus tectorius
Food
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Screwpine
Indonesian Common Name
Pandan Tikar, Pandan Duri
Tree Family
Pandanaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
200cm
Length
×
13.5cm
Width
Tree Height
Shrub (1–10m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–600m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia, Oceania
SE Asia
Papua New Guinea, Philippines
Indonesia
Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sumatra

Exotic in

SE Asia
Thailand

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Unknown
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Propagated by seed or large cuttings. Germination can be accelerated by soaking the keys in cool water for 5 days and change the water every day (viable Pandanus keys will float). If using cuttings, select plants with aerial or prop roots, and trim about 2/3 of the leaves off to reduce water loss. If using a mature branch with leaves and some small aerial roots, rooting it in a sand bed is recommended. Plants grown from cuttings fruit in 4 to 6 year. Pollinated by wind and small insects

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Medicinal
  • Product

Leaves are weaved to make mats, baskets, and handicraft. The fruit needs to be cooked to destroy a harmful substance but is consumed and the seed can be eaten raw or cooked. The aerial roots yield a decoction that is used as a beverage in the treatment of vaginal or urethral discharge.

Farm Services
  • Windbreak
  • Erosion Control
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown