Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Neolamarckia cadamba
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Common burflower
Indonesian Common Name
Jabon
Tree Family
Rubiaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
32.5cm
Length
×
16.5cm
Width
Tree Height
Large (> 35m)
Elevational Range (m)
300–800m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Propagated by coppice shoots. Birds and other animals disperse seeds. 2 month seedlings can be transplanted in nursery beds or into polythene bags and retained before planting at the start of the monsoon rains. To ensure successful establishment seedlings should be planted with their balls of earth. Starts flowering around age 4. Saplings require protection from the sun and need regular weeding. Mature trees need prefer full sun. Sensitive to frost, drought, excessive moisture and grazing. Growth is usually fast for the first 6-8 years, and at 10-15 years old the trees can be felled. Early successional species that grows best on deep, moist, alluvial soils. Can withstand periodic flooding.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Product

Wood used as raw materials for building houses or fences, plywood, light construction, pulp and paper, boxes and crates, dug-out canoes, and furniture components. The dried bark is used to relieve fever and as a tonic. An extract of the leaves serves as a mouth gargle. Can be sold at market and provides long-term income sources.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
  • Soil Improvement

Soil improvement: sheds large amounts of leaf and non-leaf litter

Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown