Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Nephelium lappaceum
Food
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
Ornamental
Product
English Common Name
Rambutan
Indonesian Common Name
Rambutan
Tree Family
Sapindaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
6-18cm
Length
×
4-7.5cm
Width
Tree Height
Small (10–20m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–600m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand
Indonesia
Borneo, Sumatra

Exotic in

SE Asia
Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Vietnam
Indonesia
Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Seedlings available from fruit/commodity nurseries. Seed propagation not recommended. Produces long, upright growth so early pruning/training is recommended to form an open center. After harvest, fruited twigs should be pruned back to stimulate new growth (up to 4 new side shoots), which allows 22% of the shoots to produce fruit in the following season. Remove dead branches and water suckers regularly. Mulch during establishment and dry periods. Do not mulch prior to flowering. Fertilizer recommended for young trees (200 g nitrogen, 25 g of phosphate, and 100 g potassium per tree per year). For the first 4 years, apply fertilizer every 3 months. For fruiting trees, apply fertilizer (200 g N, 25 g P, and 130 g K) per tree per year of age. A quarter of the yearly fertilizer should be applied 4 weeks after fruit set, half applied immediately after harvest, and the remaining quarter 9 weeks post-harvest. Additionally, 0.4 kg of dolomite per tree per year of age should be applied during slow growing months. Glyphosate herbicide should never be used near the drip line at any stage as it could cause a severe yellowing and abscission of the lower leaves. Fertilizer and dolomite use should constant after 10 years.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Ornamental
  • Product

Fruit, oil, stimulant are used and consumed. Wood used in civil construction. Roots used to treat fever, the bark as an astringent for disease of the tongue, and the leaves as compresses for headache. Young shoots are used as a green dye for silk which has already been dyed yellow with turmeric (Curcuma longa). Used ornamentally for its fruits. Fruits can be sold at local markets and 40-80% of yearly production is generally marketed.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown