Propagated by rhizome or culm cuttings. After a cutting is planted, it may develop up to 24 culms in 3 years. Protecting cuttings in the nursery from heavy rain. Transplant one-year-old plants when 75 cm tall, preferably at the beginning of the rainy season. Spacing of 7-8 m x 7 m, giving 180-200 clumps per ha. Competes with coffee.
Tree Species (Scientific Name)
English Common Name
The black bamboo
Indonesian Common Name
Bambu ater, Pring legi (Javanese), Awi temen (Sundanese)
Average Leaf Size (cm)
Elevational Range (m)
Native to Indonesia
Laos, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Vietnam
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Beneficial to coffee
Tree Benefits and Uses
Shoots are consumed. The culm is often used for building material (framework, fences, and walls). It is also used to make household utensils and furniture. In West Java, it is used as a material for bamboo musical instruments.
Maintains water regulation and quantity.