Propagated by seed but most commonly propagated by rhizome, culm or branch cuttings. Good results are obtained with 1-year-old culm segments bearing 2 buds each. Cuttings should be set upright or at an angle and the node well covered with soil. In Indonesia, the best time for planting is from December to March. Spacing of 5-7 m squared. Normal care is required after establishment including weeding. Application of organic or chemical fertilizer increases productivity. Only culms ≥2 years should be harvested, preferably during the dry season (or in Indonesia between April and October) to minimize borer infestation. Competes with coffee.
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Tree Benefits and Uses
Used to make cooking utensils, fishery utensils, furniture, ropes or strings, and in basketry. Its culms are durable and used as building material for roofings, walls, scaffoldings and bridges. Culms can be split into fine strips for weaving hats, baskets and other objects. When split finely and the pieces bent, the surface does not chip off. Shoots are consumed. In Java, the freshly cut shoots are buried in mud for 3-4 days to remove the bitter taste, before they are consumed as a vegetable.
Maintains water regulation and quantity.