Only propagated by rhizome, culm or branch cuttings. Cuttings from flowering clumps should be avoided because they will start flowering soon after planting. Culm cuttings have a survival rate of nearly 100%. Plant at 8 m x 8 m. Grows best in areas with high rainfall. To promote regeneration, loosen and mulch the base of the harvested culms. Competes with coffee.
Tree Species (Scientific Name)
English Common Name
Indonesian Common Name
Average Leaf Size (cm)
Elevational Range (m)
Native to Indonesia
Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
Borneo, Java, Sumatra
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Beneficial to coffee
Tree Benefits and Uses
The young shoots are eaten as a vegetable
Maintains water regulation and quantity.