Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Tectona grandis
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Teak
Indonesian Common Name
Jati
Tree Family
Lamiaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
13-75cm
Length
×
10-40cm
Width
Tree Height
Large (> 35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–1200m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Exotic in Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

Exotic in

SE Asia
Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore
Indonesia
Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Unknown
Tree Management

Propagated by seed, cuttings, suckers, and grafting. Weeding and protection from grazing animals is recommended. Intolerant of crown friction and full sunlight optimum for growth. Initial growth is rapid with height of 13 m and 10 cm dbh at 5 years, 16.5 m and 15 cm at 10 years, and 21.5 m and 23.5 cm at 20 years. Growth slows at 15-20 years. In stands of 80 year old trees max height is 45 m with a max diameter of 75 cm. Thinning recommended at 5, 10, 18, and 28 year intervals after planting and rotation period is approximately 80 years

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Product

The seed is used as a diuretic and to promote growth of hair, the flower is used as a diuretic and to treat digestive issues, bronchitis, and urinary disorder, the leaf is used to treat tuberculosis, and the bark is used to treat bronchitis. Its wood has high economic value in the domestic and international markets and the tree is used for shade, produces tannin, is used to make crafts, and the leaves are used for wrapping and packing fresh meat and fish, thatching huts, and for making medium-strong boards through processing.

Farm Services
  • Erosion Control

Erosion control: when planted at high density due to extensive root system

Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown