Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Styrax benzoin
Food
Medicinal
Product
Ceremonial
English Common Name
Benzoin, Gum Benjamin
Indonesian Common Name
Kemenyan
Tree Family
Styracaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
8-10cm
Length
×
3-4cm
Width
Tree Height
Medium (20–35m)
Elevational Range (m)
100–1600m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia, Southeast Asia
SE Asia
Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra

Exotic in

Indonesia
Borneo

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Coffee
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Propagated by seed and cuttings. Found in mixed primary tropical forests in rich, clayey soils and grows well with other trees and shrubs. Prefers well-draining, lime free, loamy soils with partial to full sun.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Medicinal
  • Product
  • Ceremonial

Resin from bark used to make food products such as dairy products, chocolate flavoring, and syrups. Resin used medicinally as an antiseptic, expectorant, astringent, and to support the circulatory system and treat coughs, bronchitis, colds, and sore throat. Used externally to treat wounds, skin ulcers and allergies, cold sores, warts, and to soothe dry skin. Resin is also used as incense and in cosmetics as an antioxidant and to make fragrances for detergents, soaps, lotions, and shampoos.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
  • Reforestation
Biodiversity Benefits
Yes

Eaten by porcupines and deer.