Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Shorea sumatrana
Fuelwood
Lumber
Product
Indonesian Common Name
Tengkawang
Tree Family
Dipterocarpaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
10.5cm
Length
×
5.5cm
Width
Tree Height
Medium (20–35m)
Elevational Range (m)
350–850m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand
Indonesia
Java, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Unknown
Tree Management

Propagated by seed. Recommended to sow as soon as possible and to soak the seed for 12 hours prior to sowing. Sow in seedbeds and cover with a mixture of sand and soil (1:1 ratio) or with a thin layer of sawdust. Pot seedlings 5-6 cm tall (~2 weeks after germination) into individual 15 x 23cm containers with good drainage holes. Recommended to use a mixture of forest soil and sand (3:1 ratio) as the potting medium in order to introduce the appropriate mycorrhiza to the roots. Place seedlings in 50 - 60% sunlight and water twice daily. Harden seedlings off in full sunlight for one month before planting. Can be planted when 30 - 40cm tall

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Product

The seed can be used in making soap, candles, polishes, and cosmetics. The wood is used for light construction, flooring, exterior joinery, musical instruments, boxes, and crates.

Farm Services
  • Unknown
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown