Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Pinus merkusii
Lumber
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Merkus Pine
Indonesian Common Name
Pinus
Tree Family
Pinaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
15-25cm
Length
×
0.25cm
Width
Tree Height
Large (> 35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–2000m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Unknown

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand
Indonesia
Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Unknown
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Unknown
Tree Management

Mycorrhizae are required for successful growth and allow seedlings to survive in more adverse sites. First thinning is usually carried out in year 9 or 10 then about every 5 years. Rotation cycle of 30 years is needed for optimal timber production and a cutting cycle of 15 years is usually practiced for pulpwood production

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Product

Used as a general-purpose timber and can also be used for construction work, flooring, and boat building as it is fairly durable and heavy. Ethyl alcohol extracts of P. merkusii showed anti-cancer activity. In Indonesia, it has been successfully intercropped with Irish potatoes.

Farm Services
  • Erosion Control
  • Unknown
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown