Propagated by seedlings. Pollinated by bats and seed pods dispersed by birds. Able to withstand dry periods and poor soil, but ample space and light are necessary for optimal growth. Long lived tree.
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Tree Benefits and Uses
Spice, vegetable, fruit, and seeds can be sold at local market and are also consumed with the seeds sometimes used as a vegetable as they have a garlic flavor, half-ripe pods pickled in salt, and young leaves and fresh parts of the flower stalks eaten raw. The seeds are known to reduce blood sugar levels and are used in treatment of kidney pain and inflammation, cancer, diabetes, liver pain, swelling, colic, cholera, used as an antiparasitic, and are applied externally to wounds and ulcers. The wood is used locally for temporary light construction, carpentry, matches, clogs, disposable chopsticks, and fishnet floats.
- Coffee Shade
- Soil Improvement
- Nitrogen Fixation
Soil improvement: high litter layer decomposition rate, reduces soil erosion
Fruits and leaves feed Helmeted hornbill (Rhinoplax vigil) and the endangered Black-crested Sumatran langur (Presbytis melalophus). Black-banded squirrel and the slender squirrel are often seen stripping pieces of the outer bark to eat the inner bark or cambium.