Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Musa sp.
Food
Medicinal
Product
Ceremonial
English Common Name
Banana
Indonesian Common Name
Pisang
Tree Family
Musaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
30-32cm
Length
×
10-12cm
Width
Tree Height
Shrub (1–10m)
Elevational Range (m)
Unknown
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia, Oceania
SE Asia
Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Propagated primarily by sucker regeneration, but some varieties can be grown commercially by seed. Divide suckers in late spring. Sow seeds in individual pots in the spring in a warm, lightly shaded greenhouse at about 20° C. Grow the seedlings in a rich soil, giving occasional liquid feeds. Keep in a greenhouse for at least 3 years before planting outside.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Medicinal
  • Product
  • Ceremonial

The fruits can be sold at market and used as a source of income when coffee sales are insufficient and are eaten as a dessert, steamed for snacks, or used as a supplementary staple, the flowers are eaten, and the leaves are used as wrapping material. The juice of the stem is used to treat leprosy and hysteria and the young leaves are applied as dressings to burns and blisters. In the Hindu religion, the plants are a sign of fertility and prosperity, with the many suckers produced around the parent plant representing the fertility of the married couple. It is used as shade.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown