Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Morinda citrifolia
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Noni
Indonesian Common Name
Mengkudu, Bengkudu (Minahasa, Gorontalo), Cangkudu (Sundanese). Mengkudu besar, Mengkudu jantan (Malaysia)
Tree Family
Rubiaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
30cm
Length
×
11cm
Width
Tree Height
Shrub (1–10m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–1500m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia, Oceania
SE Asia
Cambodia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Unknown
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Propagated by seed and sown in nursery beds. After germination, seedlings transplanted at 1.2 m x 1.2 m in well-tilled soil (including both volcanic and poor, ferralitic soil). Weed 1 month after transplanting and again at 6 months. No maintenance is needed after one year of establishment and intercropping is possible

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Medicinal
  • Product

The root, leaves, and fruits are used to treat intestinal, gynecological, and urinary complaints. The bark is used as a tonic and as an antiseptic on skin lesions, ulcers and wounds. The leaves are used to treat dysentery, diarrhea, colic, nausea and convulsions and as a febrifuge (reduces fever), tonic and antiseptic. The fruits are used as a diuretic, laxative, emollient, emmenagogue (stimulate blood flow in pelvic area and uterus), for asthma and other respiratory problems, as a treatment for arthritic and comparable inflammations, and in cases of leucorrhoea, sapraemia, and for maladies of inner organs. Roots, leaves, and fruits may have anthelmintic (antiparasitic) properties. In traditional medicine, the parts used are administered raw or as juices, infusions, or as ointments and poultices. Root bank used as dye for batik.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown