Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Gnetum gnemon
Food
Lumber
Product
English Common Name
Buko
Indonesian Common Name
Melinjo
Tree Family
Gnetaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
16-22cm
Length
×
15cm
Width
Tree Height
Small (10–20m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–1200m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia, Oceania
SE Asia
Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi

Exotic in

Indonesia
Java, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Propagated by seedling. Seedlings available from fruit/commodity nurseries. Able to withstand dry periods and poor soil. Seeds dispersed by animals. Long lived tree.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Lumber
  • Product

Vegetable, seeds, pods, leaves, and inflorescences are consumed either raw or boiled. It is used to make dye and a high quality fiber is extracted from the inner bark that is used to make bow strings and fishing lines and nets because it is durable in sea water. Can be sold at local market.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
  • Soil Improvement
  • Erosion Control
  • Reforestation
Biodiversity Benefits
Yes

Used by Javan loris as connectivity