Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Gmelina arborea
Lumber
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
White Teak
Indonesian Common Name
Jati putih
Tree Family
Lamiaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
17.5cm
Length
×
13.5cm
Width
Tree Height
Medium (20–35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–1200m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Exotic in Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

Exotic in

SE Asia
Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Unknown
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Propagated by sprouts, coppice shoots, and seeds. Resistant to pests outside its natural range and browsing tolerant. Suitable species for agroforestry systems and an ideal fuelwood species. Responds positively to weeding and benefits from irrigation. Fast growing and demands full sun. Only regenerates naturally in the open or on the edge of forests

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Product

Its wood is regarded as a valuable general-purpose wood because of its stability and it produces good quality pulp for fiber and can be used for furniture, matches, light construction, particle board, and paper. When first cut, the wood is yellowish to reddish-white but turns light russet or yellowish-brown and seasons well but is slow to dry both in the open and in a kiln. Bark, leaves, and roots contain traces of alkaloids and are used medicinally and both the fruit and bark are used to treat bilious fever.

Farm Services
  • Reforestation
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown