Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Erythrina subumbrans
Livestock Forage
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Erythrina
Indonesian Common Name
Dadap
Tree Family
Fabaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
12cm
Length
×
10cm
Width
Tree Height
Medium (20–35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–1500m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Propagated by seed or cuttings. Roots form easily for cuttings up to 25 cm in diameter. Seeds can be sown directly when fresh or within 3-6 months of maturity. Germination rates are high, but seeds older than 6 months may require scarification. The seeds of thornless trees generally produce trees with thorns. Plant at 330 trees/ha. Prune regularly or at least once per year. Dispersed naturally by water and occasionally birds. Often pollinated by birds that eat its nectar.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Livestock Forage
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Product

Very young leaves are steamed and eaten in salads in Java. A decoction of the bark is taken to treat spleen afflictions, in Indonesia, pounded young leaves are used as a poultice for women soon after giving birth and against headache, the juice of leaves is used as an eye-wash, and a decoction of the leaves is given for coughs. The tree is used for shade and its wood is utilized in canoe and raft building. The leaves are a good, palatable fodder for livestock but if eaten by rabbits it can cause sterility and death.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
  • Soil Improvement
  • Coffee Productivity
  • Nitrogen Fixation

Soil improvement: leaves rapidly decompose providing soil nutrients

Biodiversity Benefits
Yes

Used for foraging and perching by many bird species