Propagated by seed or cuttings. Roots form easily for cuttings up to 25 cm in diameter. Seeds can be sown directly when fresh or within 3-6 months of maturity. Germination rates are high, but seeds older than 6 months may require scarification. The seeds of thornless trees generally produce trees with thorns. Plant at 330 trees/ha. Prune regularly or at least once per year. Dispersed naturally by water and occasionally birds. Often pollinated by birds that eat its nectar.
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Tree Benefits and Uses
- Livestock Forage
Very young leaves are steamed and eaten in salads in Java. A decoction of the bark is taken to treat spleen afflictions, in Indonesia, pounded young leaves are used as a poultice for women soon after giving birth and against headache, the juice of leaves is used as an eye-wash, and a decoction of the leaves is given for coughs. The tree is used for shade and its wood is utilized in canoe and raft building. The leaves are a good, palatable fodder for livestock but if eaten by rabbits it can cause sterility and death.
- Coffee Shade
- Soil Improvement
- Coffee Productivity
- Nitrogen Fixation
Soil improvement: leaves rapidly decompose providing soil nutrients
Used for foraging and perching by many bird species