Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Elaeis guineensis
Food
Fuelwood
English Common Name
African oil palm
Indonesian Common Name
Kelapa sawit
Tree Family
Arecaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
400cm
Length
×
Width
Tree Height
Small (10–20m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–900m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Exotic in Indonesia

Native to

Region
Africa

Exotic in

SE Asia
Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Singapore
Indonesia
Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Plant in initial spacing of 9 m in a triangular arrangement, for 140 trees/ha. Fibrous root system benefits from deep soils that are fertile, free from iron concretions, and well drained. Tolerates a range of soil pH (4-7) although neutral soils are best. Mulch in dry season to conserve moisture. Low leaves should be removed. Pollinated by the weevil (Elaeidobius kamerunicus)

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Fuelwood

Palm oil is cheaper than many other vegetable oils, used for cooking, increases nutritional value of foods, and also provides heart-of-palm. It is possible to produce fuel from palm oil and the pressed fruits can also be dried and made into cakes for cooking fuel.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
  • Soil Improvement
Biodiversity Benefits
Yes

Honeybees are attracted to the pollen, which they collect along with nectar