Propagated by seed. Seed dormancy can be broken by scarification or soaking seed in concentrated sulphuric acid for 10 minutes then washing and soaking in water for 18 hours. Transplant seedlings after 6-8 weeks. Space at 330/ha for shade. Plant the same year as the coffee seedlings. Weed until the plants reach a height of 1 m. Trees grown for shade can be allowed to grow ~7 m tall and then should be cut back to 4 m. Early growth can be promoted with a mixture of 60% lime, 30% superphosphate, and 10% urea mixed with the soil in each planting hole at time of planting. Tolerates frequent pruning. Trees can be harvested for fodder twice a year during the growing season by cutting the stem back to 1 m.
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Tree Benefits and Uses
- Livestock Forage
The wood is used to make light furniture, tea chests, and veneers. The tree is used for shade, to restore soil nutrients as fertilizer, and as protection for coffee plants. The leaves are readily eaten by goats.
- Coffee Shade
- Soil Improvement
- Nitrogen Fixation
Coffee shade: does not provide shade until fourth year
Used by Javan loris when moving through the canopy. Used as perching tree for macaques.