Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Abarema jupunba
Firewood
Lumber
Medicinal
Ornamental
Product
Peru Common Name
Sacha tara, Frijolillo, Pan de trigo, Carbonero
Tree Family
Fabaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
1.86cm
Length
×
1.18cm
Width
Tree Height
Medium (20–35m)
Elevational Range (m)
430–1100m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Peru

Native to

Region
Americas
Latin America
Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Not Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Natural
Tree Management
This tree is propagated in nurseries by seeds. It has low incidence of pests.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Firewood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Ornamental
  • Product
Used in the construction of houses and stakes. The inner bark is used to treat itchy scalp. Soap made from the bark has antiparasitic properties. The macerated leaves and inner bark are used as detergent.
Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
  • Soil Improvement
  • Nitrogen Fixation
Coffee Shade: provides sparse to medium shade
Soil Improvement: the tree helps in climate regulation and soil recovery
Biodiversity Benefits
Yes
It retains arthropods in leaves, flowers and bark that serve as food for some insectivorous birds.

Citations

Citations
Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2022-06-22. tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Abarema+jupunba
Romero, C. 2022-7-11. Abarema jupunba (Willd.) Britton & Killip En Bernal, R., S.R. Gradstein & M. Celis (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co
Mendoza, A. L. M., & Guerrero, M. H. (2010). Catálogo de los árboles y afines de la Selva Central del Perú. Arnaldoa, 17, 203-242.