Propagated by seeds. Best sown as soon as it is ripe. Seeds also dispersed naturally by animals.
Tree Species (Scientific Name)
English Common Name
Indonesian Common Name
Salam, Nagasari, Ki sireum, Gelam (Javanese)
Average Leaf Size (cm)
Elevational Range (m)
Native to Indonesia
Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Tree Benefits and Uses
The wood is used in construction. The fruit and pulp are eaten and the roots and young shoots are used in local medicine. The bark is a source of tannins.