Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Schima wallichii
Lumber
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Needlewood
Indonesian Common Name
Puspa
Tree Family
Theaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
21cm
Length
×
4cm
Width
Tree Height
Large (> 35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–2400m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Unknown

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Unknown
Tree Management

Propagated by coppice shoots. Seeds cannot be stored. Spacing of 1.8 x 1.2 m or 3.6 x 1.8 m. Requires intermediate light. Fairly resistant to fire starting at age 5. Tolerates wide range of climates, habitats, and soils. Occurs frequently in primary lowland to montane forest, and is especially common in secondary forests, scrub and grassland, and even areas with brackish water

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Product

High density hardwood with colorful grain that is easy to work and relatively resistant to dry-wood termites. Used for medium-heavy construction and plywood. The astringent corollas are used to treat uterine disorders and hysteria. Produces tannin.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
  • Erosion Control
  • Reforestation

Reforestation: increases water recharge in catchment areas

Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown