Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Mangifera indica
Food
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
English Common Name
Mango
Indonesian Common Name
Mangga, Pelem (Javanese), Buah (Sundanese)
Tree Family
Anacardiaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
24cm
Length
×
6cm
Width
Tree Height
Large (> 35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–1200m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Exotic in Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Myanmar, Thailand

Exotic in

SE Asia
Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Requires Propagation
Tree Management

Propagated by seed, budding and grafting. Cuttings can produce roots as well. Withstands dry periods and poor soils. During the first years after planting, irrigation promotes flushing and suppresses flowering, so tree size increases quickly and also widens the scope for intercropping with other crops. Stopping irrigation leads to flowering. Long lived tree.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal

The tree produces tannin and its fruit is consumed, made into a beverage, and can be sold at local markets. Dried flowers or bark and the extracts of the kernels are used as astringents, and extracts of unripe fruit, bark, stems, and leaves are used as antibiotics. The wood is fairly strong, but must be treated with preservatives when used in construction and outdoor applications. It also makes an excellent charcoal, is used for burning due to its high calorific value and less toxic smoke, and is used to culture mushrooms.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown