Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Mangifera caesia
Food
Product
English Common Name
Jack, White Mango
Indonesian Common Name
Binjai, Binglu (Sundanese), Wani (Balinese)
Tree Family
Anacardiaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
18.5cm
Length
×
6.5cm
Width
Tree Height
Medium (20–35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–400m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand
Indonesia
Sumatra

Exotic in

SE Asia
Philippines
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Coffee
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Unknown
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Seeds dispersed by animals. Spacing 12-16 m. Requires a rainfall which is evenly distributed through the year. Withstands flooding well and commonly cultivated on periodically flooded riverbanks in East Kalimantan. Rare in forests and found more frequently in periodically flooded areas and marshes.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Product

Young leaves are consumed either raw, boiled, and commonly in lalab (a dish of fresh leafy vegetables), and the fruit is used to prepare a sambal (chili sauce/paste) which is eaten with fish, eaten fresh when ripe, or used to make homemade juice. The flesh of ripe fruit can also be pickled and preserved with salt in jars to make sambal when there is no fresh fruit available, and unripe fruit can be used to make rujak (a dish of sliced green fruit covered with a spicy sauce) and occasionally a dish made from fresh, grated seeds, with fermented soy beans and spices. The tree also produces latex.

Farm Services
  • Unknown
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown