Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Macaranga tanarius
Food
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Hairy Mahang
Indonesian Common Name
Calik angin, Tutup Ancur (Javanese), Mapu (Batak), Mara (Sundanese), Mahang, Tutup (C. Javanese)
Tree Family
Euphorbiaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
20cm
Length
×
16.5cm
Width
Tree Height
Small (10–20m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–1500m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia, Oceania
SE Asia
Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Naturally Occurring Tree
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Wind pollinated. Fast growing pioneer species. Common in secondary forest.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Product

The wood is used to make ladders for picking pepper, wooden shoes, in the construction of temporary houses, and in Indonesia, the leaves have been reported to dye matting black and the Kino tapped from the bark is used as a glue, particularly for fastening together parts of musical instruments. In Sumatra, fruits are added to palm juice when it is boiled down which improves the quality of the sugar produced. A decoction of the bark is applied to fight dysentery, a decoction of the root is used to fight fever and hemoptysis (coughing up blood), and powdered leaves are used in poultices for healing wounds.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
  • Reforestation
Biodiversity Benefits
Yes

Nectar is a food source for ants and insects. Fruits eaten by Javan Gibbon.