Wind pollinated. Fast growing pioneer species. Common in secondary forest.
Tree Species (Scientific Name)
English Common Name
Indonesian Common Name
Calik angin, Tutup Ancur (Javanese), Mapu (Batak), Mara (Sundanese), Mahang, Tutup (C. Javanese)
Average Leaf Size (cm)
Elevational Range (m)
Native to Indonesia
Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Beneficial to coffee
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Tree Benefits and Uses
The wood is used to make ladders for picking pepper, wooden shoes, in the construction of temporary houses, and in Indonesia, the leaves have been reported to dye matting black and the Kino tapped from the bark is used as a glue, particularly for fastening together parts of musical instruments. In Sumatra, fruits are added to palm juice when it is boiled down which improves the quality of the sugar produced. A decoction of the bark is applied to fight dysentery, a decoction of the root is used to fight fever and hemoptysis (coughing up blood), and powdered leaves are used in poultices for healing wounds.
- Coffee Shade
Nectar is a food source for ants and insects. Fruits eaten by Javan Gibbon.