Propagated by directly sowing seed or by transplanting seedlings. Pre-soak seeds in warm water. Plant at 2 x 2.5 m spacing and thin to 4 x 5 m when mature. Prune every 6-8 weeks or cut back to 0.5-1.0 m during the growing season to fed fresh leaves to livestock. Prefers slightly acidic, fertile soils.
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Tree Benefits and Uses
- Livestock Forage
The cultivar, Lamtoro PG79, is the primary shade tree propogated and promoted for coffee shade in Indonesia by government and agronomy extension services. Leaves and fruit obtained during pruning are used as fodder for cattle and other livestock and are also used human consumption as vegetables, with the seeds and pods also used and consumed. The species is used for firewood and charcoal. Large logs are also used in construction and as poles.
- Coffee Shade
- Soil Improvement
- Erosion Control
- Coffee Productivity
- Nitrogen Fixation
Used for foraging and perching by many bird species. Used by Javan loris for connectivity. However some cultivars have invasive properties.