Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Horsfieldia grandis
Food
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
Ceremonial
Indonesian Common Name
Deraya, Dara-dara, Kumpang, Kumpang api, Pendarahan (Borneo)
Tree Family
Myristicaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
32-40cm
Length
×
20-22cm
Width
Tree Height
Medium (20–35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–600m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Malaysia, Singapore
Indonesia
Borneo, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Coffee
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Unknown
Cultivation
Naturally Occurring Tree
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Seeds dispersed by animals. Intermediate successional tree found in native and regenerating forest.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Ceremonial

The fruits are said to be edible after beating. It is a preferred fuelwood for its high calorific value and less toxic smoke and the wood is locally used to carve rice-field (padi) guards. The stem is used for ritual healing and exorcism and the sap is used to treat broken lips and mouth ulcers.

Farm Services
  • Unknown
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown