Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Garcinia mangostana
Food
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Mangosteen
Indonesian Common Name
Manggis
Tree Family
Clusiaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
20cm
Length
×
10cm
Width
Tree Height
Medium (20–35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–1000m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Exotic in Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Malaysia, Singapore

Exotic in

SE Asia
Cambodia, Laos, Philippines, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku Islands, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Propagated by spontaneously growing seedlings under mother tree or by seed (if seeds they should be pre-germinated and potted). Seedling growth is slow but gradually picks up under favorable conditions (a 60 cm tall seedling with one or two pairs of branches can be raised in about 2 years). Nursery conditions should include a freely draining growing medium with high moisture retention (mixtures including shredded coconut fiber, peat, sphagnum or pine bark) and high humidity and shade (cover the nursery beds with colored polythene tunnels). Plant young trees carefully to avoid root injury water heavily. Wide spacing is recommended as dense canopy may cause sunlight competition that impacts coffee. Fertilizer accelerates seedling growth. Trees should be irrigated almost daily during the dry season. Partial shading needed for 3-5 years. Can be regularly fertilized with "well-rotted" manure (45-90 kg) and peanut meal (4.5-6.8 kg/year). The most productive trees grow on the banks of streams, lakes, ponds or canals but before blooming and during flowering, dry weather induces a good fruit set.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Product

The fruit is consumed and the rind can be used to stop vomiting and the latex is used to treat skin cancer. The fruit rind is also used to tan leather and as a black dye. The dark red wood is heavy, coarse, very strong, when available used in carpentry and to make rice pounders, and is a highly marketable product.

Farm Services
  • Unknown
Biodiversity Benefits
Yes

Vegetation attract birds searching for food and nesting material