Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Falcataria falcata
Livestock Forage
Fuelwood
Lumber
Product
English Common Name
White albizia
Indonesian Common Name
Sengon putih, Jeungjing (Sundanese), Sengon Laut (Javanese), Sikat (Banda)
Tree Family
Fabaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
1.1cm
Length
×
0.4cm
Width
Tree Height
Large (> 35m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–1200m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Papua New Guinea
Indonesia
Java, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Beneficial to coffee
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Unknown
Tree Management

Propagated by seed. To increase germination, seeds can be soaked in boiling water for 1-3 minutes or soaking seed in concentrated sulphuric acid for 10 minutes then washing and soaking in water for 18 hours. Store seeds by air drying for 24 hours then packing in polythene bags and store at 4-8 C. Sow seeds directly in nursery, pressing them gently into the soil, and then covering with a layer of fine sand up to 1.5 cm thick. Seedlings can be transplanted after 2-2.5 months. Spacing of 2-4 m x 2-4 m for planting seedlings in the field. Thin trees to 250 trees/ha when 4-5 years old and to 150 trees/ha when 10 years old to maximize timber production. Fast growing with a cutting cycle is generally 12-15 years and a biological rotation of <15 years.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Livestock Forage
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Product

Its wood is used in light building construction, musical instruments, toys, wooden shoes, furniture, and fences. The tree is used for shade and soil improvement, charcoal production, its leaves used as fodder for goats, and it is also used to make dye. It can be sold at local markets and is used as a long-term income source.

Farm Services
  • Coffee Shade
  • Soil Improvement
  • Coffee Productivity
  • Reforestation
  • Nitrogen Fixation
Biodiversity Benefits
Yes

Used for foraging and perching by many bird species