Propagated by seed, root cutting, or coppicing. Can plant seed directly under moist conditions with good weed control. Soak seed in cool water for 12-24 hours to speed germination. Can plant root cuttings directly in the field or raise in a nursery for future transplanting. Transplant nursery grown seedlings to the field after 6 months. Plant at 3x1 to 6x2 m. Weed regularly until trees can withstand weed competition. Loosen soil around seedlings to improve growth before weeds become dense. Can be harvested at 30-40 years.
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Tree Benefits and Uses
- Livestock Forage
The wood is fragrant, very durable, generally highly resistant to attack by termites and fungi, difficult to work because of its high density, and is used to make premium-grade furniture, paneling, veneers, joinery, and tools and crafts such as knife handles, musical instruments, and agricultural implements. Medicines are made from the tannins in the bark to treat diarrhea, worms, indigestion, and leprosy. The tree is used for shade, its tannins also produce an appetizer, and it produces a honey that is dark amber and strong flavored.
- Coffee Shade
- Soil Improvement
- Erosion Control
- Coffee Productivity
- Nitrogen Fixation
Soil improvement: leaf litter decomposes slowly releasing nutrients gradually and it is used as a mulch