Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Cocos nucifera
Food
Fuelwood
Lumber
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Coconut
Indonesian Common Name
Kelapa
Tree Family
Arecaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
550cm
Length
×
125cm
Width
Tree Height
Medium (20–35m)
Elevational Range (m)
520–900m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Exotic in Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia, Oceania
SE Asia
Papua New Guinea, Philippines
Indonesia
Maluku Islands, New Guinea

Exotic in

SE Asia
Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Unknown
Tree Management

Plant at 7 x 7 m-10 x 10 m or 48 to 70 trees/acre. Requires full sun. Water newly planted trees immediately and frequently until well established. After establishment water (at least 2.5 cm) with rain or irrigation. If integrating cattle, mulch around the tree to help retain soil moisture and restrict weed growth. About 12% of the old trees (over 60 years old) should be felled each year to completely renovate old stands within 8 years. Fronds, logs and stumps may need to be removed to control the rhinoceros beetle (Orycetes rhinoceras, O. moceros). Able to withstand dry periods and poor soil but rocky, laterite or stagnant soils are unsuitable. Long lived tree. Requires a hot, moist climate and deep alluvial or loamy soil, thriving especially near the coast.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Fuelwood
  • Lumber
  • Medicinal
  • Product

Non-wood products used for crafts. The tree's oil, fruit, coconut sugar, and beverages are used and consumed. It can be sold at market and can produce year round.

Farm Services
  • Unknown
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown