Propagated by seed and germinates in 2-3 weeks. Seedlings grow rapidly. Weed control necessary. Requires pH control and a constant water supply but is relatively resistant to drought. Very responsive to fertilizers. Fruit production begins within a year of planting and produces 30-150 fruits/year. Can tap latex at least once a week. Can rejuvenate mature trees by cutting back to 30 cm above the ground. Can live over 25 years. Yields can be maximized by renewing every 3 years.
Tree Species (Scientific Name)
English Common Name
Indonesian Common Name
Pepaya, Telo Gantung, Kates (Javanese), Gedang (Sundanese)
Average Leaf Size (cm)
Elevational Range (m)
Exotic in Indonesia
Cambodia, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Vietnam
Borneo, Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Tree Benefits and Uses
Fruits are consumed, a sweet meat is made from the flowers, and young leaves are also sometimes eaten. Can be used when coffee sales are insufficient or urgent cash needs arise as it can be sold at market and can produce year round.
Seeds dispersed by bats.
Corkybark, Perepat Hutan, Ampana, Aroi, Aru, Bara, Belengkeching, Bepinang, Beranggae, Dabong, Ganggang putih, Kelai, Kitir-kitir, Massulie, Mundar, Mundar burung, Pacar, Petis, Rabong, Sawar bubu, Selunser, Tampilas, Tulang ular (Borneo), Manggisan