Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Averrhoa carambola
Food
Medicinal
Ornamental
English Common Name
Starfruit, Foreign peach
Indonesian Common Name
Belimbing manis
Tree Family
Oxalidaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
20cm
Length
×
5cm
Width
Tree Height
Shrub (1–10m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–900m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Native to Indonesia

Native to

Region
Asia
SE Asia
Malaysia, Singapore
Indonesia
Java, Maluku Islands, Sulawesi

Exotic in

SE Asia
Cambodia, Laos, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam
Indonesia
Borneo, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Regenerates Naturally
Tree Management

Delicate and requires careful attention when young. Requires pruning and thinning of excess fruit at an early stage due to fast growth rate. Crops are harvested from grafted varieties when they are 2- 3 years old.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Medicinal
  • Ornamental

Fruits are extremely perishable so they must be consumed locally and are eaten fresh, mixed with other fruits in salads, processed into drinks, stewed, pickled, or used for chutney and jam, and the fruit flavor is enhanced by peeling off the ‘wing’ edges, removing most of the oxalic acid. The fruit is a good source of Vitamin C and used as a laxative and in traditional medicine for skin disorders and fevers. Used medicinally to lower blood pressure. With its delicate, light green foliage, small pink flowers, and prolific golden-yellow fruits, it is popular as an ornamental plant.

Farm Services
  • Unknown
Biodiversity Benefits
Yes

Birds forage in the tree as fruit and flowers attract insects.