Tree Species (Scientific Name)
Annona muricata
Food
Medicinal
Product
English Common Name
Soursop
Indonesian Common Name
Sirsak, Nangka Belanda, Nangka Seberang (Javanese)
Tree Family
Annonaceae
Average Leaf Size (cm)
12cm
Length
×
5cm
Width
Tree Height
Shrub (1–10m)
Elevational Range (m)
0–1000m
0 3000
Distribution
Native
Exotic
Exotic in Indonesia

Native to

Region
Americas

Exotic in

SE Asia
Papua New Guinea, Vietnam
Indonesia
Java, Sumatra

Coffee Agroforestry Information

Coffee System
Robusta
Arabica
Coffee Impact
Unknown
Prevalence
Common in Coffee Agroforestry
Cultivation
Planted
Regeneration
Requires Propagation
Tree Management

Propagated by seed, budding, and grafting. Cutting out competing twigs as early as possible is necessary to limit the tree to a single trunk. Moderate application of fertilizer and manure can increase fruit production and improve growth rate. Tolerates dry soil conditions but prolonged drought causes shedding of leaves. Benefits from supplementary irrigation. Area around base of trees should be weeded or covered with mulch to avoid dehydration of shallow roots in dry season. Long lived tree.

Tree Benefits and Uses

Farmer Uses
  • Food
  • Medicinal
  • Product

Produces dye. The fruit can be consumed fresh for dessert when fully ripe or mixed with ice cream or milk to make a delicious drink used as a stimulant.

Farm Services
  • Unknown
Biodiversity Benefits
Unknown