Propagated by seed (direct sowing or nursery), air layering, cuttings, grafting and tissue culture. Regenerates naturally in clear-cut and burned areas. Plant at spacing of 2 m x 2m to 2.5 m x 2.5 m. Prune twice to a height of 6 m and prune persistent branches if objective is to produce quality timber. Pruning branches with a diameter of >2 cm makes the tree susceptible to infections (especially heart rot). Thinning for pulpwood production is aimed at achieving a final stock of 600-700 stems/ha from the 1250 trees/ha planted and is done after 18 months. Grows rapidly (~3 m in first year), but growth declines rapidly after 7 or 8 years. Requires high amounts of water and nutrition resources. Has allelopathic effects which may negatively impact coffee growth. Highly invasive outside native range.
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Tree Benefits and Uses
- Livestock Forage
Wood is used for construction, boat building, furniture and cabinet-making, veneer, and particle board. The pulp is readily bleached to high brightness levels and is excellent for paper making. This species is used for soil improvement, as a firebreak, and the leaves may serve as forage for cattle.
- Soil Improvement
- Erosion Control
- Nitrogen Fixation