Propagated by seed (direct sowing or nursery), air layering, cuttings, grafting and tissue culture. Regenerates naturally in clear-cut and burned areas. Plant at spacing of 2 m x 2m to 2.5 m x 2.5 m. Prune twice to a height of 6 m and prune persistent branches if objective is to produce quality timber. Pruning branches with a diameter of >2 cm makes the tree susceptible to infections (especially heart rot). Thinning for pulpwood production is aimed at achieving a final stock of 600-700 stems/ha from the 1250 trees/ha planted and is done after 18 months. Grows rapidly (~3 m in first year), but growth declines rapidly after 7 or 8 years.
Coffee Agroforestry Information
Tree Benefits and Uses
- Livestock Forage
Wood is used for construction, boat building, furniture and cabinet-making, veneer, and particle board. The pulp is readily bleached to high brightness levels and is excellent for paper making. This species is used for soil improvement and the leaves may serve as forage for cattle.
- Soil Improvement
- Erosion Control
- Nitrogen Fixation